"Defend yourselves, the enemy is at your door...!" Robert A. Toombs thundered from the Senate floor on January 24, 1860. Rejecting compromise, Toombs used his influence to lead Georgia into secession and civil war.
During this troubled time in our nation's history, he was but one of several Southern leaders from a small section of up-country Georgia. Others included Alexander H. Stephens, Confederate vice president; Thomas R.R. Cobb, the principal author of the Confederate Constitution; Howell Cobb, president of the Confederate Provisional Congress at the Montgomery Convention in 1861; William M. Browne, Confederate Assistant Secretary of State; Joseph H. Lumpkin, chief justice of the Georgia Supreme Court; and Georgia's most noted physician, Crawford W. Long, just to name a few. You can visit our Leaders page to find out more details on each of these distinguished men.
The Confederate Heartland is also the home of the Double Barreled Cannon, the Crawford W. Long Medical Museum, the Battle of Barber's Creek, the Cook and Brother Armory, the gravesite of Robert E Lee's chief lieutenant, General James Longstreet, the last cabinet meeting of the Confederacy, and the legend of the lost Confederate gold.
These and other sites await you on this trail into our nation's turbulent past. Woven into the fabric are many stories of the lives and legacies of these men and others who shaped the history of up-country Georgia, the South, and the United States of America, then and forever.