Heartland of the Confederacy
Civil War in Georgia
Heartland of the Confederacy grady taylor house
Civil War in Georgia
"Family History Preserved"
University of Georgia archivisit Linda Aaron, with Mary Johnson and Sindney Fortson have preserved more than 100 Civil War letters that were donated by Johnson and Fortson.

Leaders Life Legacy

The Leaders

James Longstreet

In November 1862, General Robert E. Lee reorganized the Army of Northern Virginia, placing General James Longstreet in command of the First Corps and General Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson in command of the Second Corps. Longstreet won Lee's admiration and praise for his performance at the Battles of Second Manassas, Anteitam, and Fredericksburg, but his role at the pivotal Battle of Gettysburg created controversy... (read more)

James Longstreet

Robert Toombs

Robert Toombs attended the University of Georgia in the 1820s. Although discipline problems forced him to leave the university, he went on to become one of the South's greatest legal minds and orators.† He served Georgia in the U.S. House of Representatives as a U.S. Senator for 16 years before the Civil War. Appointed the first Confederate secretary of state, he soon resigned his office because he wanted...† (read more)

Robert Toombs

Jefferson Davis

The last Confederate Cabinet Meeting was held May 4, 1865. Confederate President Jefferson Davis assembled members of his cabinet in Washington, Georgia, and conducted the last official business of the Confederate government. A marker on the courthouse lawn describes this historic event.† (read more) Jefferson Davis

Alexander H. Stephens†

Alexander Stephens graduated with honors from the University of Georgia in 1832 and served in the U.S. House of Representatives before the war. Unlike the fiery Toombs, Stephens urged moderation during the secession crisis. When Georgia voted to leave the Union in January 1861, he supported the choice his state had made. He became a delegate to the Montgomery Convention, where he was elected vice president of the Confederacy. Arrested and imprisoned after the war, (read more)

Thomas R. R. Cobb†

T.R.R. Cobb, Howell Cobb's younger brother and Joseph Henry Lumpkin's son-in-law, graduated first in the University of Georgia class of 1841 and became one of Georgia's most noted lawyers. He was one of the signers of the Georgia Ordinance of Secession and was the principle author of the Confederate Constitution. He later served as a brigadier general in the Army of Northern Virginia... (read more) Thomas R.R. Cobb

Howell Cobb

Howell Cobb, the older brother of T.R.R. Cobb, graduated from the University of Georgia in 1834. He was elected to the U.S. Congress from 1843-1850 and was Speaker of the House in 1849. He served as governor of Georgia from 1851-1853 and as secretary of the U.S. Treasury from 1856-1860 during the James Buchanan administration. In 1861 Cobb was president of the Montgomery... (read more) Howeel Cobb

Henry W. Grady

Henry W. Grady was born in Athens, Georgia in 1850. The son of Captain W.S. Grady, who commanded the Highland Guards, Henry often accompanied his father during the recruiting of this company. After the war, Henry attended the University of Georgia and became a famous Southern journalist and orator. He became a leading voice in trying to reunify the nation... (read more) Henry Grady

Joseph Henry Lumpkin†

Joseph Henry Lumpkin was a native of Oglethorpe County in Georgia. He later moved to Athens, Georgia and briefly attended the University of Georgia before graduating from Princeton. Lumpkin was the first chief justice of the Georgia Supreme Court, serving from 1845-1867. He founded the University of Georgia Law School along with his son-in-law, T.R.R. Cobb, and William Hope Hull. He had four sons... (read more) Joseph Henry Lumpkin

Crawford W. Long†

Crawford Long attended the University of Georgia in the 1830s where he roomed with Alexander H. Stephens, the future vice president of the Confederate States of America. They lived in the University's Old College building, where a plaque identifies their room. Long became a noted physician and is credited with the discovery of ether anesthesia for surgical use in 1842. During the war, he served as a Confederate surgeon... (read more) Crawford W. Long

Benjamin H. Hill†

Benjamin Hill graduated from the University of Georgia with honors in 1844 and became an outstanding lawyer. A voice of moderation, he opposed secession, but when Georgia left the Union he loyally served the Confederate cause. After the war, he was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate from Georgia and was the first powerful voice of "The New South."† (read more) Benjamin Hill

Joseph E. Brown

Joseph Brown was governor of Georgia from 1857 to 1865. As the agitation for secession intensified, he became an ardent proponent for Southern independence. Brown prodded the legislature to strengthen the unprepared militia and to make other military preparations. After President Abraham Lincolnís election, Brown called on Georgia to follow South Carolina out of the Union.(read more) Joseph E. Brown